The current stresses on the criminal justice system cannot be overestimated. The prison population is reaching new heights, cuts are biting across public services and reoffending rates have remained stubbornly high for many years. We need urgent and radical reform. Government is doomed to failure if it carries on doing the same old thing the same old way but with 23% less resource. Failure would, very sadly, result in far more unnecessary future victims of crime. Never has the third sector, with its expertise in innovation and value driven solutions, been needed more. We want a rehabilitation service that is fit for the 21st Century – that is what this report is all about.